Dental Bone Grafting

Dental bone grafting is a procedure that helps to reverse bone loss in patients. Bone loss can occur for many reasons including periodontal disease and trauma. But, in recent decades, we have seen more bone grafts being done to replace missing teeth with dental implants.

When a person loses a tooth, the surrounding bone collapses. In order to preserve the bone at this site, bone augmentation is performed in order to build up the jaw line in preparation of the implant.

Bone augmentation is used to describe a variety of procedures used to "build" bone. With regards to dental implants, the procedure involves grafting or adding bone or bonelike materials to the jaw, then waiting for the grafted material to fuse with the existing bone. This process can take several months to occur.

There are different types of bone grafts, which include Autogenous, Allograft and Xenograft. Each one is performed differently and also has its associated success and failure rates. Dentists usually determine the procedure to be used based on the type, location and number of implants to be used.

The success of a dental implant and its ability to support a dental restoration depends upon how much bone is available at the site where the implant will be placed. Periodontal disease, trauma, infections and developmental defects are some things which effect bone volume. It is also not uncommon to open up a site in the mouth for implant placement and find that some of the critical supporting bone missing. If your jaw is too short or too narrow or both, you will need to have a procedure, such as dental bone grafting performed, in order to add bone to your jaw before implants can be inserted.
Bone Graft Procedure

Dental implants are by far, considered one of the most significant and beneficial advancements in the practice of dentistry. They can also be placed in one of two ways: either sitting atop the jawbone and underneath the gumline or being fitted into the bone of the jaw. Both methods permanently attached the implant to the jawbone, presenting numerous advantages when compared to other methods of teeth replacement.


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